Luxor is known as the city of the centennial or the city of the sun,  formerly known as Thebes, is the capital of Egypt in the Pharaonic era,  is located on the banks of the Nile River and divided into two parts East and West Bank, The width of the road is 25-36 north, 32-33 east, and about 670 km away from the Egyptian capital of Cairo.  About 220 km south of Aswan, about 56 km south of the city of Qena, and about 280 km south- It is bordered to the north by Qus and Qena, to the south by Edfu and Aswan, to the east by the Red Sea, to the west by Armant and Wadi For a new,  the nearest sea ports of the city is the port of Safaga, and is the nearest airports to Luxor International Airport.
The Luxor area is about 416 km 2 and the inhabited area is 208 km².  The population is approximately 487,896 according to the 2010 census.   The city of Luxor is administratively divided into five shaikhs, namely the Awamiyyah, Old Karnak, Karnak Al-Qadra, Manshiyet Al-Amari,  and six towns and villages belonging to it are Bayadiyya, Adayasat Bahri, Adayasat Qabli, Tud, Baghdadi, Al-Habil. It is said that Luxor comprises about one third of the world’s monuments. On the eastern and western outskirts of the city, the eastern bank includes the Temple of Luxor, the Karnak Temple, and the Raspberry Road I am between the temples, and the Luxor Museum, while the western bank includes the Valley of the Kings, the monastery of the monastery of the sea, the valley of the kingdoms, the monastery of the city, the temple of Ramosium, and the statue of Memnon.  
The establishment of the city of Taibah dates back to the time of the Fourth Dynasty around 2575 BC.  Until the Middle Kingdom was no more than a group of simple huts, And later became the capital of Egypt in the era of the eleventh Egyptian family by the Pharaoh, the first monotheist,  which succeeded in reuniting the country again after the chaos that brought Egypt in the era of the first decay, The city of Taiba remained the capital of the Egyptian state until the fall of the Pharaohs and the 31st Dynasty The hands of Persians 332 BC