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Luxor is known as the city of the centennial or the city of the sun, [7] formerly known as Thebes, is the capital of Egypt in the Pharaonic era, [8] is located on the banks of the Nile River and divided into two parts East and West Bank, The width of the road is 25-36 north, 32-33 east, and about 670 km away from the Egyptian capital of Cairo. [9] About 220 km south of Aswan, about 56 km south of the city of Qena, and about 280 km south- It is bordered to the north by Qus and Qena, to the south by Edfu and Aswan, to the east by the Red Sea, to the west by Armant and Wadi For a new, [10] the nearest sea ports of the city is the port of Safaga, and is the nearest airports to Luxor International Airport.
The Luxor area is about 416 km 2 and the inhabited area is 208 kmΒ². [11] The population is approximately 487,896 according to the 2010 census. [12] [13] The city of Luxor is administratively divided into five shaikhs, namely the Awamiyyah, Old Karnak, Karnak Al-Qadra, Manshiyet Al-Amari, [14] and six towns and villages belonging to it are Bayadiyya, Adayasat Bahri, Adayasat Qabli, Tud, Baghdadi, Al-Habil. It is said that Luxor comprises about one third of the world’s monuments. On the eastern and western outskirts of the city, the eastern bank includes the Temple of Luxor, the Karnak Temple, and the Raspberry Road I am between the temples, and the Luxor Museum, while the western bank includes the Valley of the Kings, the monastery of the monastery of the sea, the valley of the kingdoms, the monastery of the city, the temple of Ramosium, and the statue of Memnon. [15] [16]
The establishment of the city of Taibah dates back to the time of the Fourth Dynasty around 2575 BC. [18] Until the Middle Kingdom was no more than a group of simple huts, And later became the capital of Egypt in the era of the eleventh Egyptian family by the Pharaoh, the first monotheist, [18] which succeeded in reuniting the country again after the chaos that brought Egypt in the era of the first decay, The city of Taiba remained the capital of the Egyptian state until the fall of the Pharaohs and the 31st Dynasty The hands of Persians 332 BC

Country Luxor, Egypt

Culture and history info

Tiba is an ancient pharaonic museum city in Upper Egypt, and one of the ancient capitals of Egypt during the Middle and Modern Kingdoms of ancient Egypt.
The city of Taiba (Luxor today) was the center of worship of Ra. Most of the pharaohs of Egypt, especially during the modern state, were interested in building temples for the various gods of the Egyptians, most notably Amun Ra. There is a good on the eastern bank of the Nile and built the capital and temples and palaces of the Pharaohs and had a mayor over the ages. The temples were considered immortal, so they were built of heavy stones, including the so-called one-million-year-old house and also built of stones. The palaces of the pharaohs and the houses of the population were built of bricks, as they are not eternal. For this reason, the palaces of the pharaohs remained insignificant while the temples remained.
The ancient Egyptians were considered good and the eastern shore of the Nile was the house of life where they lived, lived, and went to worship in the nearby temples. They considered the West as the house of death, and they built their graves there. So we find the Valley of the Kings in the west of Tiba with a few temples. The large temples, including Karnak, were in the city of the neighborhoods on the eastern bank of the Nile.
There are about 14 of the most important Egyptian temples in the capital. The most famous of its effects on the eastern bank of the Nile in the lobby of the columns in Karnak, which witnessed many amendments over the centuries by many Pharaohs such as Hatshepsut, Thutmose III and Ramses II and others, and next to him the temple of Luxor, built by Ramses II. . The gate of the main temple of Karnak is located at the end of the north, and before it there were two mosques, one of which was taken to Paris, France in 1836, and adorns the Place de la Concorde. At the end of the city's north, a group of Karnak temples has been built for over 1500 years, becoming the largest religious establishment in the world. It is famous for its 134 large column lobbies. It has an artificial lake from the era of the Pharaohs.
Between the temples of Luxor and Karnak there is a way of kebabs and other temples. On the west bank of the Nile was the land of the dead, where there are funerary temples and hundreds of graves. One of the largest and most famous of these temples is the Ramessium Temple of Ramesses II, dating back to the 19th Dynasty. On the West Bank there is the Valley of the Kings, the Valley of the Kings and the Monastery of the City, the city of workers who were building the tombs of the Pharaohs near them.
The funerary temple of Queen Hatshepsut (Hatshepsut Temple) of the 18th Dynasty is located in the Monastery of the Sea in the west of the Nile. It was built during the early 15th century BC in a graded place above a steep slope. The most famous archeological sites in the West Bank are the Valley of the Kings, where the tomb of King Tutankhamun was found, with tombs of Thutmose III, Ramses III, IV and V, and the first Citi, and the tomb of King Horemheb.

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