Culture and history info
The city of Hurghada was founded in 1905 and is named after the "gardak" plant, which is known as the "grape of the Deeb" or "Fayrouz al-Shattan", a plant that grows naturally since ancient times. The fishermen from the tribes of Juhayna, Rashaydeh and Maazah were hunting in the area between the Hijaz and the Red Sea coast. They met at a large tree of al-Gardaq plant and its present location is the sea port of Hurghada. The name then developed to Hurghada. The ancient city was a group of primitive houses inhabited by Bedouins, who were concentrated mainly in the area of Sakkala to work in fishing and pearls, which earns the city a Bedouin character continues with them so far. During the reign of King Farouk, a recreational retreat was built after the nationalization under President Gamal Abdel Nasser to the building of the Armed Forces Club of Water Sports, which is a tourist attraction so far. Oil was discovered in this region in 1913 and its actual production and export began in 1921. The company was one of the first companies to start producing oil in this region. In 1972, the Israeli forces tried to occupy the island of Shidwan, but the men of the Egyptian armed forces repelled them. They were able to defeat them and expel them from the island within hours in what is known as the battle of Shidwan.