Culture and history info
The importance of Aswan began in the era of the ancient state, which represented the southern border of the country. It was also the center of the gathering of armies in the Middle Ages to transform their rule southward. It also played a crucial role in the fight against the Hyksos. The island of Phila, "the home of the god Isis", was intrigued by the Ptolemies' interest in completing its great temple. The Romans also built the Pharaonic temples to bring them closer to the Egyptians. Examples of these temples include a small temple on the island of Philae erected by Emperor Trajan. When Christianity became the official religion of the country in the fifth century AD, most of the temples of the pharaohs became churches. The island of Phila was the center of one of the bishops, which led to the spread of Christianity southward towards Nubia in Egypt and Sudan. Since the spread of Islam and its back, many writings have been found in kufic script dating back to the first century AH. Aswan flourished in the Islamic era in the tenth century AD and was a way to "Aimab" on the coast of the Red Sea, where ships sail to Hijaz, Yemen and India It was also an important cultural center in the sixth and seventh century AH, and had three schools, , The summer school, and the Star Academy in Aswan, where Muhammad Ali established the first military school in Egypt in 1837.